WFPHA Newsletter July 2015

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In this Newsletter:







1.- Regional meeting of the national public health associations and institutions in the Eastern Mediterranean Region

WHO EMRO facilitated a meeting of the national Public Health Associations (PHAs) and Institutions under the auspices of the World Federation of Public Health Associations (Cairo, Egypt, 29-30 Jun 2015). The WFPHA is in official relationship with the WHO and has been working toward this event with both the headquarters and the regional director Dr Ala Alwan. Thanks to this support a group of over 20 personalities from 18 countries of the region and over 5 staff members from the EMRO could participate. The WFPHA wanted to meet with PHAs of the region to further explore possibilities of a form of regional collaboration similar to those that have been constituted in Africa, Europe, the Americas and the South East Asian region. In the EMR long discussions have been surrounding the possibility of establishing a regional chapter of the WFPHA, which would unite the national PHAs of the region by promoting professional exchange and collaboration across the 22 member states. This process was initiated by the WFPHA at the First Arab Public Health Conference in April 2013 in Dubai.

Participants discussed how to strengthen public health in the region and how to improve the networking.


The regional director opened the meeting and was then followed by Dr Siddiqi, Director, Department of Health Systems Development at WHO/EMRO. As an introduction, Prof Borisch, CEO of the WFPHA led the discussion with a paper on “Global Perspectives and the Role of WFPHA”. Dr Asnake, WFPHA president, gave a talk that explained the creation of other regional networks of the WFPHA with special emphasis on the African Federation of Public Health Associations.

The discussions were vivid and led as first steps to a mapping exercise in the region. The consultation will be further developed in future meetings.







2.- WFPHA Resolution on Access to Oral Health for Children adopted by Mexico City government

2013 - Child Human Rights – Resolution on Access to Oral Health for Children

In May 2015 in Mexico City, the resolution on Access to Oral Health for Children, passed by the WFPHA GA in 2013, was formally adopted by Mexico City government and staff as part of a program that will incorporate healthy eating, hand-washing and tooth brushing in schools. A formal dinner was held to sign the agreement; Colgate Mexico is involved.


Photo on the left: Dr. Jaime Edelson Chair of the Mexican Dental Association Foundation (Fundación ADM, IAP)

Photo on the right: Professor Raman Bedi, Chairman of the Global Child Dental Fund


Left to right:
Dr. Oscar Rios President ADM
Dr. Manuel Martinez ADM Foundation Board member
Veronica Minjares Executive Director ADM foundation
Professor Raman Bedi Chair Global Child Dental Fund
Alma Godinez ADM’s President Elect
Dra. Patricia Juarez ADM Foundation Board member
Dr. Victor Guerrero ADM Foundation tresurer
Dr. Jaime Edelson ADM Foundation Chair


Left to right:
Juan Pablo Zamorano President and General manager Colgate Mexico
Lic Mauro Diez DIF CDMX  (Family services Mexico city)
Lic. Gamaliel Martinez Chair DIF CDMX (Family services Mexico city)
Dr. Raul Rios Head of Mexico city Dental services
Dr. Jaime Edelson  ADM Foundation Chair
Professor Raman Bedi Chair Global Child Dental Fund
Dr. Oscar Rios President ADM


The resolution was also adopted in Chile under a different name.

Moreover, the resolution has been widely cited in the literature from countries all over the world, and in some recent textbooks too.


For more information, please contact the Oral Health Working Group.







3.- Planning for the 15th World Public Health Congress gets underway!

The Public Health Association of Australia (PHAA) has started the exciting journey to plan and organise the next World Congress for April 2017 in Melbourne Australia.  The theme of Voices Vision Action  provides many opportunities to explore the achievements in public health over the last 50 years (the 15th Congress will celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the World Federation of Public Health Associations) and to strengthen and transform the public health effort going forward. Over the next few months the National and International Committees will confirm their memberships and Terms of Reference, and the key objectives of the Congress will be agreed. A professional conference organiser already has been contracted, so expect to receive news about the conference website, timeline for abstracts and workshops and notification of keynote speakers. We welcome ideas and suggestions (and of course offers of assistance) from the many Public Health organisations and regional groups around the globe. I also encourage you to think about how you can make the most of the lead-in time to the Congress to raise public health issues in your own country, reflect on public health achievements and challenges, collaborate with others to collect evidence of public health issues or to build on the Kolkata Declaration.
We aim for this conference to be exciting, stimulating and challenging, as well as participatory and good fun! Stay tuned for more news in each of the WFPHA newsletters up to the Congress in April 2017.


For more information, please contact the Public Health Association of Australia.

Heather Yeatman, DPH

President, Public Health Association of Australia






4.- New intern @ WFPHA

Currently student in Communication, Management and Health (Masters degree), I have always been interested by the health‘s field. Since I was a little girl, I wanted to become a nurse. I finally oriented my studies in International Relations, with also the aim to learn more about the international development side of it. I learned a lot about public health and development through this degree. Finally, a masters in Communication, Management and Health, seemed to be the best option to accomodate both of my interests; helping others, but at an international level. I took the opportunity to get a double degree in the United States to acquire a better understanding of Business Administration and especially Marketing. A field that is not to be neglected nowadays by the NGOs. Being an intern at the WFPHA was a great opportunity that was offered to me. I am constantly learning. Although I am working mainly on one project regarding Global Public Health communication, I get an insight on how complex the national and mostly international issues are. My guess that the WFPHA was a great place to start « real life » turns out to be true. Although the expectations are high, it gives me the opportunity to have an overview of the Public Health’s world and to get more insight about its actors. Everything in a friendly atmosphere in the international environment offered by the health world’s capital: Geneva.

Aude Favre





5.- News from our Members

Briefer on Afghanistan National Public Health Association and its role in the region of EMRO


Afghanistan National Public Health Association is an independent, nonpolitical, non-for profit and non-governmental public health association charged with promoting public’s health in Afghanistan. Established in the year 2009 by a group of public health professionals, ANPHA serves as a strong advocate for development of evidence based policies and delivery of high quality health care services in Afghanistan. Since inception, ANPHA has grown exponentially. The association has over 172 full members including individual public health professionals, faculty members, students and other lay healthcare workers i.e. midwives and nurses and allied health workers. ANPHA enjoys presence of a diverse, yet expert group of public health professionals within the Association that work to effectively identify and advocate for pressing public health issues in the country.



Since establishment, ANPHA has played a pivotal role in healthcare reform efforts undertaken by the Ministry of Public Health supported by international development partners. ANPHA has organized several public health conferences and technical seminars surrounding pharmaceutical sector, quality of healthcare services, leadership and governance in the healthcare system and improving mother and child health in addition to national campaigns on “Say No to Plastic Bags”, “Stop Tobacco” and “Road Safety”. ANPHA all partnered with some public health universities in the US to provide mentorship to public health studies on different public health topics. Lately, ANPHA served as one of the signatories in the “call to action” conference on maternal and child health in Afghanistan.


“Say No to Plastic Bags” Campaign


Another major milestone of ANPHA is the launch of Afghanistan Journal of Public Health (AJPHA). It is the first scientific publications in the country, serving as a platform for dissemination of public health knowledge among public health professionals in the country. To date, two issues of AJPHA has been published, where scientific papers from Afghanistan has been published on different public health topics.


stop tobacco

“Stop Tobacco” Campaign


ANPHA at the World Federation of Public Health Association

ANPHA obtained membership at the World Federation of Public Health Association in 2013. Soon after becoming member of the WFPHA family, ANPHA obtained a seat in the Governance Council of the Federation, representing the region of EMRO. While at the Federation, ANPHA has been striving to identify platforms that promotes dialogue among public health associations from the region of EMRO. One such initiative was proposal for the establishment of a regional public health association in EMRO at the 1st Arab World Public Health Conference in 2013 in Dubai, UAE. ANPHA presented a briefer at the conference and proposed initiation of a mapping exercise at the regional level as a first step to identify institutions working in public health. Ever since, ANPHA has been working with WFPHA’s HQ and regional office of WHO in EMRO to map existing public health associations and institutions in the region.
In addition, ANPHA has been advocating for the health of people afflicted by armed conflict. After a lot of advocacy at the Federation level, ANPHA was finally able to convince the leadership of the Federation at the 14th World Congress in India to form a committee under the title “Working Group on Public Health in Complex Emergencies”. ANPHA will be chairing this committee once it is formally established.

With the establishment of this committee and completion of the mapping exercise, ANPHA believes that the dialogue for initiation of regional public health association in EMRO has entered a new phase. Moreover, organization of the regional meeting of public health associations hosted by the regional office of WHO in EMRO during the month of June 2015 has served as a landmark event to take the initiative forward.

ANPHA will continue working with the Federation and member states from the region to further develop this initiative so the efforts are more harmonized, structured and systematic. ANPHA looks forward to capitalize on some of these leverage points to further the initiative so member states can come together to address pressing public health issues from the region and contribute to the global public health cause.

Javed Rahmanzai

WFPHA GC member for the EMRO region

Update from the Canadian Public Health Association (CPHA)

On May 25, 2015, CPHA launched its most recent discussion document at its annual conference. The goal of the document, entitled “Global Change and Public Health: Addressing the Ecological Determinants of Health”, is to begin a conversation, stimulate debate and ultimately motivate the public health community into action on environmental change. In 1992, CPHA issued its first call to action concerning the environment. In the last 23 years, the detrimental effects of the population’s rapid growth and urbanization have become more widely apparent. The Earth is now being recognized as a living system responsible for all others, providing the elements necessary for human survival. In other words, our planet can be considered the ultimate determinant for human health. As such, we need to deepen and broaden our analysis, and acknowledge that we live 100% of the time on a small planet and within the ecosystems that constitute the ecological determinants of health. The ‘goods and services’ we derive from the Earth’s environment are the ecological determinants of health and include:
  • Oxygen;
  • Water;
  • Food;
  • Ozone layer;
  • Nitrogen and phosphorus cycles to circulate plant nutrients;
  • Waste detoxifying processes;
  • Fertile soil, fresh water and marine aquatic systems;
  • Materials to construct our shelters and tools;
  • Energy; and
  • Reasonably stable global climate.
While public health has increased its focus on addressing the health implications of our environment, we need to further sharpen our analysis, targeting the health impacts associated with man-made global climate change, resource depletion, ecotoxicity and loss of bio-diversity. A vital element to success is a universal understanding that both the social and ecological determinants of health are intertwined, influencing each other, the health of the population, and our communities and societies. Public health is now being called upon to adopt what the discussion document describes as an ‘ecosocial’ health approach to address both the growing social inequities and an ecologically unsustainable way of life from the local to global level. With this in mind, the discussion document includes an agenda for action for public health professionals and organizations that cover nine major points:
  1. Expand upon the guiding principles of public health to guide societal and public health action with respect to the ecological determinants of health, incorporating them into the Public Health Core Competencies, professional codes of practice and core public health curriculum.
  2. Understand and address the ecological determinants of health by integrating them into a population health framework, while educating public health professionals about the ecological determinants of health.
  3. Practice environmentally responsible health care consistent with established national and international standards and codes of practice.
  4. Change social norms and values to address the emerging ecological crisis.
  5. Change the focus of development and the way it is measured at all levels to reflect the ecological determinants of health and focus on sustainable health, wellbeing and human development.
  6. Strengthen ethical purchasing and investment policies to exclude the receipt of benefits from ecological harmful activities.
  7. Protect people and communities from harm and health inequities using public health legislation to address the impacts of ecological change.
  8. Protect people and communities from the adverse impacts of ecological change at all levels, reducing vulnerabilities, and increasing resilience and adaptation.
  9. Work with others to establish policies and practices that create more ecologically sustainable and healthy societies and communities by forging partnerships in all sectors of society.
Any such vision will demand transitions both within and outside public health and the larger health sector, including an explicit re-engagement with the values of public health. CPHA’s goal is to begin the conversation, stimulate debate and ultimately motivate the public health community to action. For more on the ecological determinants of health, read the discussion paper.
May 25, 2015 - Speakers at the opening plenary of CPHA’s annual conference launch discussion paper addressing the ecological determinants of health.
Founded in 1910, the Canadian Public Health Association (CPHA) is the independent voice for public health in Canada with links to the international community. As the only Canadian non-governmental organization focused exclusively on public health, CPHA is uniquely positioned to advise decision-makers about public health system reform and to guide initiatives to help safeguard the personal and community health of Canadians and people around the world. CPHA is a national, independent, not-for-profit, voluntary association. CPHA’s members believe in universal and equitable access to the basic conditions which are necessary to achieve health for all.
Our Vision
A healthy and just world
Our Mission
CPHA’s mission is to enhance the health of people in Canada and to contribute to a healthier and more equitable world.

Brief Introduction of Chinese Preventive Medicine Association

The Chinese Preventive Medicine Association (CPMA) is a non-profit national academic institution, comprised voluntary scientific and technological workers in the fields of public health and preventive medicine in its membership. Under the direct administration of National Health Family Planning Committee (NHFPC) and legally registered with the Ministry of Civil Affairs, CPMA is also a member of the China Association for Science and Technology (CAST). As such, it serves as an important social agent in promoting the development of public health and preventive medicine within China. Since 1996, CPMA has been a member of the World Federation of Public Health Associations (WFPHA), serving on the nomination committee and awards committee since 2006, and on the executive board from 2000, onward. Since 2010, CPMA is hosting the secretariat of WFPHA West Pacific Regional Liaison Office.


The Inauguration Ceremony of WFPHA West Pacific Regional Liaison Office

(October 25, 2010 ,Beijing, China)

Dr Ulrich Laaser (the former president of WFPHA) and Dr Wang Longde (the president of CPMA)


CPMA was established in 1987 and has held five National Congress meetings since its founding (1987, 1992, 1999, 2005 and 2014). Zeng Yi, an academician of CAS (Chinese Academy of Sciences), was appointed as the fifth honorary president at CPMA; and another former Deputy Minister of the MoH, Wang Longde, served as the fifth president.

Currently, all Chinese provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities have established preventive medicine associations, as well as a large number of cities and counties throughout the country. Consequently, China has been able to form a comprehensive network of preventive medicine across the nation. CPMA, which is headquartered in Beijing, has 1,486 organizational members and over 110,000 individual members at present, more than ten thousand of whom are renewed preventive health professionals. With 52 professional branches, CPMA covers all disciplines in the field of preventive medicine and health care. It has also disseminated 70 publications, which included 69 periodicals in specialized academic journals and one newspaper Healthcare Time in a popular science publication.


Heather Yeatman, the President of Australia Public Health Association visited CPMA this May, 2015.

(Ms Yi Heya, Dr Wang Peng, Dr Yang Weizhong, Dr Heather Yeatman, Dr Feng Xiaoqi and Dr Cai Jiming)


Our Vision

CPMA envisions uniting and organizing the vast number of scientific and technological workers in the fields of public health and preventive medicine; promoting and practicing medical ethics; advocating for the development, popularization, and prosperity of public health and preventive medical science, according to national research priorities in science, technology, and health; improving the skills and capacity of scientific and technological personnel involved with preventive medical science; and improving the quality of health across all of China.



The 5th CPMA National Members’ Congress

(September22, 2014, Beijing,China)


Our Mission

CPMA’s mission involves several components: 1) advocate scientific and technological improvements in public health and preventive medicine; 2) promote the improvement and capacity of preventive medicine professionals teams; 3) carry out educational exchanges for members, and other scientific professionals working in preventive medicine; 4) serve as a link between the government and experts; 5) promote knowledge of, and technology in, preventive medicine to improve health services provided to persons of all nations; 6) apply preventive medicine science and technology to improve the production and development of China’s economic services; 7) ensure the legal rights and interests of public health workers; and 8) promote international cooperation and exchanges.


CPMA host the 5th International Forum for Sustainable Vector Management

(November 2014, Qingdao, Shandong Province)

Norwegian Public Health Association

Norwegian Public Health Association (NOPHA) was established in 1998, founded by professor Gunnar Tellnes. We define Public Health as the “society’s total efforts in maintaining, improving and promoting public health. In this lies the need to strengthen the values which give each individual and group the opportunity for responsibility, participation, solidarity, mastering and control over their own lives and situations” (Public Health Act)


NOPHA is a member of the European Public Health Association (EUPHA) and the World Federation of Public Health Associations (WFPHA). NOPHA is open to people, organisations, companies and institutions that are interested in research and development within health promotion, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation (NOPHA’s statutes § 3). It has now 186 personal and 26 institutions as members.


The founder of Norwegian Public Health Association, professor Gunnar Tellnes, was given a gift at the 10 years anniversary seminar in 2008.


NOPHA works across disciplines for an increased understanding of and interest in research, teaching, dissemination, policymaking, management and practice within the field of public health. It has established close contact and partnership with two important organisations/networks:

1. Norwegian network of WHO Healthy Cities, representing mainly the fields of politics and practitioners.

2. Norwegian network for research and education in health promotion, representing research and educational fields.


The vision of NOPHA is: The Norwegian Public Health Association shall contribute to improving people’s health, environment and quality of life – locally, nationally and globally. The Association will engage in social development which promotes public health by, amongst other things, focusing attention on social inequalities in health, the population’s health and wellbeing, good social and environmental conditions and the prevention of mental and somatic illness, injury and disease.


The targets of NOPHA are:

1. The Public Health Association is to be a meeting place and bridge-builder for researchers, practitioners, policymakers and volunteers within the field

2. The Public Health Association is to contribute to increased understanding locally, nationally and globally for the public health perspective in research, education, dissemination and management.

3. The Public Health Association shall, in collaboration with other organisations and institutions within the field of public health, be a driving force for putting public health on the political agenda.


Two boys aiming at the top of a Norwegian mountain, symbolizing the struggling for public health. A picture used on the promotion brochure of NOPHA.


One of the most importance activities is the annual Public Health Conference (approx. 500 – 600 participants). This is now organized together with the Norwegian network of WHO Healthy Cities. Another important activity this year was to participate in an open hearing on the Government’s white paper on Public Health, which was discussed in the parliament this spring. NOPHA is together with the other Nordic public health associations, the owners of the journal “Scandinavian Journal of Public Health” and participate in the Board of the journal.


Each autumn, an activity plan is made which identifies the main tasks NOPHA is to work on in the coming year approved by the annual meeting. The measures to be worked on are in order to achieve the targets specified above.

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies 2014 Report

To read the report, click here.



6.- Members' Newsletters



7.- WFPHA Members Communication

Submission of Resolutions and Working Group proposals to the WFPHA Policy Committee & General Assembly

Resolutions on important public health issues relevant globally and to the Federation as well should be submitted through the online system by December 31st 2015. The resolutions will be evaluated by the WFPHA Policy Committee and submitted for approval to the WFPHA General Assembly in May 2016.


The request to found a new Working Group should be submitted by email by December 31st 2015 at latest and should include: WG name, scope & purpose; work plan; name of the Chair and of at least 3 members (more information on WG are available here). The request will be then evaluated by the WFPHA Governing Council and submitted for approval to the WFPHA General Assembly in May 2016.



8.- WFPHA Working Groups

Environmental Health Working Group

With the upcoming United Nations Paris 2015 Conference on Climate Change the Environmental Health Working Group will develop a tool to enable Public Health Associations to evaluate the impact that their country's intended commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions will have on health. The tool will allow each country to do a climate and health profile report, with projections based on agreements made in Paris. It is hoped this tool will help to inform the debate and ensure that health is seen as a central component within the Conference on Climate Change.

For more information, click here.



9.- What's on

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

In 2015, France will be hosting and presiding the 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21/CMP11), otherwise known as “Paris 2015” from November 30th to December 11th. COP21 will be a crucial conference, as it needs to achieve a new international agreement on the climate, applicable to all countries, with the aim of keeping global warming below 2°C. France will therefore be playing a leading international role to ensure points of view converge and to facilitate the search for consensus by the United Nations, as well as within the European Union, which has a major role in climate negotiations.

The Third International Conference, financing for development

The Third International Conference on Financing for Development has gathered high-level political representatives, including Heads of State and Government, and Ministers of Finance, Foreign Affairs and Development Cooperation, as well as all relevant institutional stakeholders, non-governmental organizations and business sector entities. The Conference resulted in the adoption of the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, a comprehensive framework to guide policies that will mobilize financial resources, as well as the launch of new initiatives to finance the achievement of the proposed sustainable development goals, including on social welfare, access to clean energy, and greater cooperation on tax issues.

For more information, click here.



10.- Publications

The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015

At the beginning of the new millennium, world leaders gathered at the United Nations to shape a broad vision to fight poverty in its many dimensions. That vision, which was translated into eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), has remained the overarching development framework for the world for the past 15 years. As we reach the end of the MDG period, the world community has reason to celebrate. Thanks to concerted global, regional, national and local efforts, the MDGs have saved the lives of millions and improved conditions for many more. The data and analysis presented in this report prove that, with targeted interventions, sound strategies, adequate resources and political will, even the poorest countries can make dramatic and unprecedented progress. The report also acknowledges uneven achievements and shortfalls in many areas. The work is not complete, and it must continue in the new development era.
To read the report, click here.

Oral Health: An Essential Component of Primary Care - White Paper

Oral health is essential for healthy development and healthy aging, yet nationwide there is an unacceptably high burden of oral disease. Dental caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood. One quarter of adults has untreated dental caries and 20% have destructive periodontal disease, which can result in pain, tooth loss, and systemic infection.

A person’s oral health impacts their overall health and their quality of life. Patients with chronic disease, such as diabetes, are at increased risk for both oral complications and adverse health outcomes if their oral complications go untreated. Late-stage oral disease results in significant and wasteful healthcare spending. Moreover, a series of intriguing new reports demonstrate the potential for significant savings in total healthcare costs across a spectrum of conditions with the successful treatment of periodontal disease, demonstrating the potential benefits of addressing oral disease.

To read the Executive Summary, click here.

To read the White Paper, click here.

Summary Report for Oral Health 2020: A Vision for Integrated Care

This report summarizes and synthetizes the proceedings and outcomes of Oral Health 2020: A Vision for Integrated Care.

To read the report, click here.

Financing universal health coverage by cutting fossil fuel subsidies

Vinay Gupta, Ranu Dhillon, Robert Yates - The Lancet Global Health; 2015, 3(6);e306-e307


Several countries that allocate large sums of public funds  to fossil fuel subsidies have low public health spending and associated low health coverage. Two such nations, Indonesia and Iran, have eliminated these subsidies to finance health coverage and other social priorities. Other countries with high expenditure on fossil fuel subsidies are considering similar reforms, suggesting that the reallocation of fuel subsidies could become an important mechanism for countries to pursue universal health coverage. Worldwide, nearly half a trillion dollars were spent on fossil fuel subsidies in 2010. Although these subsidies were at first intended to protect poor people from high fuel costs, in practice they are more likely to benefit wealthy households, promote overconsumption of fuel, and discourage energy efficiency. Furthermore, cutting of fossil fuel subsidies has been associated with favourable economic factors, including stronger currencies and improved current accounts deficits.

To read the article, click here.

Public health, universal health coverage, and Sustainable Development Goals: can they coexist? 

Harald Schmidt, Lawrence O Gostin, Ezekiel J Emanuel - The Lancet, S0140-6736(15)60244-6

In her 2012 reconfirmation speech as WHO Director-General, Dr Margaret Chan asserted: “universal coverage is the single most powerful concept that public health has to offer. It is our ticket to greater efficiency and better quality. It is our saviour from the crushing weight of chronic noncommunicable diseases that now engulf the globe”. The UN General  Assembly is currently considering proposals for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), succeeding the Millennium Development Goals. SDG, focusing on health, specifically includes universal health coverage (UHC) among its targets. Unquestionably, UHC is timely and fundamentally important. However, its promotion also entails substantial risks. A narrow focus on UHC could emphasise expansion of access to health-care services over equitable improvement of health outcomes through action across all relevant sectors—especially public health interventions, needed to effectively address non-communicable diseases (NCDs). WHO first endorsed UHC in its 2005 resolution on sustainable health financing, calling on states to provide “access to [necessary] promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative health interventions for all at an affordable cost”. The resolution and its UHC concept firmly and narrowly centre on health insurance packages financed through pre-payment. This narrow understanding is echoed in major recent reviews of 65 empirical studies on UHC progress.

To read the article, click here.

The attack on universal health coverage in Europe: recession, austerity and unmet needs

Aaron Reeves, Martin McKee, David Stuckler - The European Journal of Public Health


More than 1.5 million extra people have unmet need for healthcare since the beginning of the economic crisis in Europe. The advent of the Great Recession has placed Europe’s health systems under severe pressure, with real terms cuts to funding in many countries. Accounts in the peer-reviewed literature and popular media have catalogued examples of vulnerable groups and individuals unable to access necessary care. Although there have been case-studies of Spain, Greece and other individual nations, to our knowledge there has been no systematic attempt to quantify changes in unmet need for medical care across the European Union. Here, using data from the EU-wide Statistics of Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), we quantify the increase in self-reported unmet need, a comparative measure of healthcare access defined as being unable to obtain care when people believed it to be medically necessary, in association with the Great Recession.

To read the article, click here.



11.- Upcoming events

No events
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